Your child’s first contact with the flavors begins, in fact, when he is still in the womb. Research shows that pregnant women with a diversified diet often give birth to babies more open to food experimentation.
“Even breast milk is a taste of what the mother eats. Therefore, care power of women is essential,” says pediatrician, nutrology head of the Children’s Institute (SP).
But it is not only the mother who needs to make sacrifices How, after all, will she and her father require the child to avoid candy and eat salad if that is not the house rule? If the family does not eat well, a change of habits is necessary before the baby arrives at the feeding introduction.
- The more varied the better
The child’s taste begins to be formed, usually from the sixth month (before that, the World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding). Experts recommend starting small with a fruitcake . By the eighth month, the child is already being fed two servings of fruit, one salty potato at lunch and one at dinner, in addition to breast milk.
There are no rules on the types of food that should be presented first, but usually children prefer the more sweetened flavors, such as banana, pear, mandioquina, and pumpkin. You can start there, but do not restrict yourself. “Sweet, bitter, sour and salty. They need to have contact with all the flavors to know the differences and perfect the taste, “explains nutritionist Priscila Maximino, Hospital Infantil Sabará (SP).
- Bits and pieces
The BLW (baby-led weaning) method is to leave cut foods within reach of the child , which is served the way you want. Since it became popular, it has been causing controversy. The studies are divided between those who point out gains of this autonomy and those who say there is no nutritional advantage in the method.
Pediatricians usually indicate the mashed potatoes . For Priscilla, it is best to merge the two forms. “Fruits can be cut into pieces to eat with your hands. Other meals are better kneaded. “Cardoso reinforces the importance of offering different consistencies for the baby. “Give the apple of the orange instead of the juice, let suck a piece of meat. The more he learns to chew with his gums, the better the direction of the teeth at birth. “
- The rule of 15
You gave him a persimmon, he spat. The biggest mistake is to take the defeat and leave the fruit aside. Firstly because it is natural for the baby to throw the food out with the tongue. After all, it is mimicking the suction movement. But even when he does not want to eat at all, you can try harder.
“Parents should offer 12 to 15 times the same food so that the baby learns to like it, ” says pediatrician American Association of Nutrology. The insistence can not be done anyway. Ideally, if you wait a few days to try again and food comes in different ways. For example, one day the carrot comes grated on the rice, then baked in pieces. On the third day, try mash or dumplings, and so on.
- Example at the table
Your child will learn to eat while watching the family. It is important that, from the beginning of the food introduction, he sits at the table and consumes the same foods as his parents (preferably with the appropriate consistency adjustments). The timing becomes more special when distractions such as TV and tablet are left out. If there is a highchair, as explained by pediatrician Teresa Uras, Hospital Samaritano (SP): “It allows the child to not only participate in the family meal as it increases the field of vision. She will see the enthusiasm of her parents with some food and will be more likely to taste it, but she can also see the ugly face for the beet and reproduce the behavior. “
- Do not force and replace
“Either he eats everything or he does not leave the table.” “You only get dessert if you scratch the plate.” “Your brother is eating everything. Why do not you?”. Phrases like these should be avoided , since they are accompanied by a negative association of food. In other words, they can generate trauma and make work harder.
As much as he refuses to eat, try to maintain emotional neutrality so as not to convey nervousness. According to Cardoso, another habit to avoid is to replace the meals by the bottle. “When you do that, you’re teaching your child that it’s just refusing to eat to make milk, and that’s okay,” he says. Here is coolness: he refused to eat, you take the plate and shorten the time of the next snack.
- Dish size is not document
Did your child eat well until he suddenly began to work on meals? Calm down, it’s normal. Cardoso explains that the great nutritional needs arise in the first year of life, when it is expected to add more or less six kilos. “Never again will the child have such a large weight gain. That means she will not need as much food, “he says. That is, the food intake will decrease , however, the weight should continue to increase. If this does not happen, talk as a pediatrician.